Dr Penelope Carroll, MA, PhD.

Penelope’s research interests include social policy, connections between housing, neighbourhoods and health, community development and child friendly cities. She is currently involved in studies investigating relationships between children’s activity levels and independent mobility, and neighbourhood characteristics and parental safety discourses; Red Cross community transport; and the experiences and needs of women with endometriosis. She has a background in journalism and communications and a strong interest in social justice.


Journal articles

Witten, K., Carroll, P., Calder-Dawe, O., Smith, M., Field, A., Hosking, J., & Future Streets Team. (2018). Te Ara Mua –Future Streets: Knowledge exchange and the highs and lows of researcher-practitioner collaboration to design active travel infrastructure. Journal of Transport & Health, 9, 34-33. A440

Carroll, P., Witten, K., & Stewart, C. (2017). Children are citizens too: Consulting with children on the redevelopment of a central city square in Auckland, Aotearoa/New Zealand. Built Environment, 43(2), 272-289. A429

Lin, E.-Y., Witten, K., Oliver, M., Carroll, P., Asiasiga, L., Badland, H., & Parker, K. (2017). Social and built-environment factors related to children's independent mobility: The importance of neighbourhood cohesion and connectedness. Health and Place, 46, 107-113. A426

Oliver, M., McPhee, J., Carroll, P., Ikeda, E., Mavoa, S., Mackay, L., Kearns, R., Kytta, M., Asiasiga, L., Garrett, N., Lin, J., Mackett, R., Zinn, C., Moewaka Barnes, H., Egli, V., Prendergast, K., & Witten, K. (2016). Neighbourhoods for Active Kids: Study protocol for a cross-sectional examination of neighbourhood features and children’s physical activity, active travel, independent mobility and body size. BMJ Open, 6, e013377. A392

Badland, H., Kearns, R., Carroll, P., Oliver, M., Mavoa, S., Donovan, P., Parker, K., Chaudhury, M., Lin, J., & Witten, K. (2015). Development of a systems model to visualise the complexity of children's independent mobility. Children’s Geographies, Published online: 16 Mar 2015, doi:10.1080/14733285.14732015.11021240. A361

Carroll, P., Witten, K., Kearns, R., & Donovan, P. (2015) Kids in the City: Children's use and experiences of urban neighbourhoods in Auckland, New Zealand. Journal of Urban Design, published online 23 Jun 2015, doi:10.1080/13574809.13572015.11044504. A360

Witten, K., Kearns, R., & Carroll, P. (2015). Urban inclusion as wellbeing; exploring children’s accounts of confronting diversity on inner city streets. Social Science and Medicine, 133, 349-357, doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.1001.1016. A353

Oliver, M., Mavoa, S., Badland, H., Carroll, P., Asiasiga, L., Tavae, N., Kearns, R., & Witten, K. (2014). What constitutes a trip? Examining child journey attributes using GPS and self-report. Children’s Geographies, 12(2), 249-256. A338

Witten, K., Kearns, R., Carroll, P., Asiasiga, L. & Tava'e, N. (2013) New Zealand parents' understandings of the intergenerational decline in children's independent outdoor play and active travel. Children's Geographies, 11(2), 215-229. doi: 10.1080/14733285.2013.779839. A321

Carroll, P., Dew, K., & Howden Chapman, P. (2011). The heart of the matter: using poetry as a method of ethnographic inquiry to represent and present experiences of the informally housed in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Qualitative Inquiry, 17(7), 623-630. A286

Oliver, M., Witten, K., Kearns, R., Mavoa, S., Badland, H., Carroll, P., . . . Ergler, C. (2011). Kids in the city study: research design and methodology. BMC Public Health 11(587). [Abstract] A284

Carroll, P., Casswell, S., Huakau, J., Howden Chapman, P., & Perry, P. (2011). The widening gap: perceptions of poverty and income inequalities and implications for health and social outcomes. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand 37(). 1-12. [Abstract] A281

Carroll, P., Witten, K., & Kearns, R. (2011). Housing Intensification in Auckland New Zealand: Implications for Children and Families. Housing Studies 26(3). 353-367. [Abstract] A278

Blewden, M., Carroll, P. & Witten, K. (2010). The use of social science research to inform policy development: case studies from recent immigration policy. Kotuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online 5(). 13-25. [Abstract] A257

Carroll, P., Casswell, S., Huakau, J., Perry, P. & Howden Chapman, P. (2009). The Relationship between Environmental Attitudes, Beliefs about Social Justice and Interest in Politics: are there Lessons for the New Zealand Green Party?. Environmental Politics 18(2). 257-278. [Abstract] A232

Chapters in books

Carroll, P., & Witten, K. (2017). Children as urban design consultants: A children's audit of a central city square in Auckland, Aotearoa/New Zealand. In K. Bishop & L. Corkery (Eds.), Designing Cities with Children and Young People (pp. 269-286). New York: Routledge.

Kearns, R., Carroll, P., Asiasiga, L., & Witten, K. (2015). The variegated nature of play for Auckland children: banal landscapes and the promotion of wellbeing. In J. Horton & B. Evans (Eds.), Play, Recreation, Health and Well Being (in Volume 9 of Skelton, T. (editor-in-chief), Geographies of Children and Young People). Singapore: Springer. SB63

Carroll, P., Witten, K., & Kearns, R. (2015). Kids in the City: everyday life in inner-city Auckland. In C. Freeman & P. Tranter (Eds.), Risk, Protection, Provision and Policy (in Volume 12 of Skelton, T. (editor-in-chief), Geographies of Children and Young People). Singapore: Springer Springer Science+Business Media. SB62

Witten, K., & Carroll, P. (2015). Children's neighborhoods: places of play or spaces of fear? In K. Nairn & P. Kraftl (Eds.), Space, Landscape, and Environment (in Volume 3 of Skelton, T. (editor-in-chief), Geographies of Children and Young People). Singapore: Springer Springer Science+Business Media. SB61

Witten, K., Kearns, R., Carroll, P., Asiasiga, L., & Tava'e Fa'avale, N. (2014). New Zealand parents' understandings of the intergenerational decline in children's independent outdoor activity. In M. Roche, J. Mansvelt, R. Prince, et al. (Eds.), Engaging Geographies: Landscapes, Lifecourses and Mobilities (pp. 155-174). Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. SB60

Carroll, P., Asiasiga, L., Tav’ae, N., & Witten, K. (2013). Kids in the City: Differing Perceptions of One Neighbourhood in Aotearoa / New Zealand. In R. Coles & Z. Millman (Eds.), Landscape, Wellbeing and Environment (pp. 129-146). London: Routledge. SB59

Witten, K., & Carroll, P. (2011). Intensification, housing affordability and families: Learning from the Auckland CBD. In K. Witten, W. Abrahamse & K. Stuart (Eds.), Growth Misconduct? Avoiding Sprawl and Improving Urban Intensification in New Zealand (79-89). Wellington: University of Otago. SB55


Carroll, P., & Witten, K. (2010). Community houses in Manukau City - a snapshot. Commissioned by Community Advisory Services Manukau City Council.  

Carroll, P., & Witten, K. (2010). Place planning in Auckland City. A report prepared for the Auckland City Council, Centre for Social and Health Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Massey University, January 2010.

Dickinson, P., Carroll, P., Kaiwai, H. & Gregory, A. (2010). BodySafe programme Evaluation Report. SHORE.

Dickinson, P., Carroll, P., Keats, H. & Myers, A. (2010). Developing Effective Support for Teen Parent Families: A Community Research Project Scoping Report. .

Carroll, P., Blewden, M. and Witten, K. (2008). Building Research Capability in the Social Sciences (BRCSS): The Social Sciences and Policy-Research Use.

Carroll, P., Witten, K., Lin, J., & Kaiwai, H. (2008). Living with kids in the CBD: a pilot study. .